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Damper Reduce The Shortcomings Of Piano Sound
Jun 02, 2017

It is not difficult to see the use of piano pedal in the piano playing in the possession of the position can not be ignored. The pedal has a lot of influence on the piano playing,Damper and the pedal is the regulator of the timbre, which reduces the kind of dry, unsustainable shortcomings in the piano sound.

(A) the function of modern piano pedal

Modern piano has three pedals: right pedal, middle pedal, left pedal. Although these three pedals are different, but they can play to change the role of sound.

1, the right pedal is the sustain pedal, a step down, the piano in the damper all open, all the sound will be extended to extend. When the feet lift up, the damper and pressure on the strings, the sound of the extension to stop. It has two main roles - to extend and link the sounds that can not be kept with the mop fingers alone, and to add color to them.

2, the left pedal also known as the weak pedal, in the general home vertical piano, depress the left pedal, hammer all the move forward, the distance from the strings to shorten the sound corresponding to the weak. In the playing with the grand piano, once the left pedal, then the whole keyboard to move slightly to the right. In the grand piano on each of the original hammer should hit three strings, step on the left pedal, the whole set of hammer will move to the left, then the hammer can only hit a string. This sound is not only weak, but also produced a different tone changes. So sometimes the score on the one string or three strings is to use the left pedal or let go left pedal. Since the left pedal can make such a change in intensity and timbre on the playing piano, its effect is not only to help the player to get weaker, but also to make the sound more gentle and to remove any percussion in the sound quality. The left pedal is often likened to a "sound player".

3, the middle pedal is often called the extension pedal. In the vertical piano, it will hit the string above the machine a piece of thick pile down, block between the hammer and the strings, so that the sound of the pop-up is only small to hear their own, outside the people can not hear , This is to not affect others, no playing on the meaning. And the role of playing in the grand piano with the role of the vertical piano is completely different. It is used to support the movement of the melodic part, in other words, if the piano treble is extremely complex, but the left hand span is very large, must play the bass (control harmony rhythm) need to extend the bass, so One, the pianist can not take into account both, this time, the advantage of the left pedal is extremely obvious! Its role is here to play out. The pianist trampled the pedal, and then bass, the bass will be sustained (rather than the right pedal so that the whole piano was issued by the sound are extended) and then, in this bass support, you can very easy to play Playing the higher part of the tune. Therefore, this pedal is the liberation of the left hand, the purpose of reducing the difficulty of playing the pedal.

(B) the depth of the pedal

Pedal depressing the depth of the tone will have varying degrees of influence, according to the music on the sound, the specific requirements of the intensity, can be used quarter, half pedal, three quarters, full pedal and jitter pedal. Such as the sustain pedal depressed a quarter to half of the depth, the damper and the strings will be in a state of ambiguous, so that the sound in a semi-full state. In actual performance can be used for fast running notes of non-playing. When we encounter some usually relatively low sound, we can be extended by the pedal, but some of the more "light" treble is not affected by the pedal, sounds full transparency, because with the pedal down to the extent The damper has a different effect. And the effect of the pedal on the different pitch is different, which is the basic performance of the pedal.

Here, I would like to introduce you are not particularly popular pedal method - jitter pedal. The jitter pedal can also be called a quivering pedal, which is a quick, rather shallow action that allows the damper to touch the strings so that neither the sound is completely bored and the strings can not vibrate completely. The dithering of the damper should be as fast as possible to avoid clogging or being cut off in the sound. The jitter pedal also has a certain effect on the sound, it can make the sound has a thin, irregular fuzzy feeling, resulting in people feel "breeze" effect, can also reduce the sound macro height. When the sound sounds too dry, a fast jitter pedal will produce the desired resonance and timbre. But when using the jitter pedal, we should avoid the formation of piles of sound using the pedal, because it will destroy the beauty of the sound.

(C) the basic method of using two kinds of pedals

1, direct trampling method: finger touch and pedal at the same time

2, after the sound of trampling method: the hands of the new sound (single tone, two tone, chord) and then quickly and flexibly pedal depression. The continuous use of the pedal after the pedal naturally formed the hand and foot cut the rhythm of the action state (hand touch button, the foot is loosening the pedal, and then in the new pop sound and then quickly stepped down), so After the sound pedal also known as cutting pedal.

(D) the use of pedals should pay attention to the points

1, make good use of ears

Learning to listen to the ear is one of the vital links in piano playing. The sound of good or bad from the ears to listen to the correct use of the pedal can not be separated from the ear to judge. With a keen sense of hearing, to improve the quality of piano playing sound has an important role in improving. We should develop a good habit to listen to their own experience the sound of the texture, listen to the piano every "point", the pronunciation of the point will determine its "first sound quality", and then through the vibration of the strings produce "second Sound quality ". And these will be on the piano sound texture, change, state plays a great role.

2, pay attention to changes in harmony

The basis of harmony is chord, we do not need special training, with our ears will be able to clearly hear the pedal of the chord "landscaping" role. In many works, we should know that the music with the changes in harmony and change the pedal. Players in the performance of the song when the harmony of the song to understand the use of the correct pedal to choose the method, if the harmony of the music is not good, then it is possible in the pedal use method is not appropriate, resulting in mixed sound, Destroying the beauty of music, so the correct and proper harmony analysis is related to whether the use of the pedal can be used correctly. Must be used in the new changes in harmony before the moment off the pedal, and then issued a new sound when the depression. Because the sound of harmony will fill the gap between the pedal replacement, so the sound will not be too obvious intermittent, so that harmony can be clear and coherent.

3, attach importance to the style of the work

Each piano piece of music will have its own unique style, but some with the style of the work of different, the required sound will also change. In the aspect of the work style, we should pay attention and attention. Whether it is in the emotional treatment, or in playing the skills are closely linked with it, therefore, in the choice of pedal use is no exception, when you choose the use of pedals if you do not consider the style of the work that will be A fatal mistake. Because each piano music works have their own specific style, and the same period of the work also has its obvious common style features.